Team paper notes

>EACH group member should read ALL the comments on your previous group paper, which can be found here.  Please do NOT resolve the comments on your group paper.  In order to read the comments, click on the pop-out link–the square with the arrow in the top right corner.

>After you have finished reading your previous team paper, spend the day reading your CURRENT team’s IRRs. By the beginning of the period tomorrow, you should have read EVERY ONE of your team’s papers. You may edit the papers as well as you read. But you should be ready to team with your group and begin outlining your team paper TOMORROW.

NOTES ON THE FIRST TEAM PAPER: Many of your papers felt pieced together out of random parts, and I could see the seams. This time, please outline your paper before you write it, so that it’s perfectly clear BEFORE you start how the logic will progress.

I know in the past you have been taught in your introduction to introduce every aspect of the topic you are going to discuss in your paper. That worked fine for the five paragraph essay, but this is a ten-page essay. If you include every topic you will discuss, it reads like a list. Most importantly, it doesn’t build interest. Your introduction should

  • Create interest in the reader.
  • Give background the reader needs to know.
  • Give an overview of the question the paper will explore.


Every one of your conclusion/recommendation paragraphs on the practice team paper was lacking. Here is what the rubric says: “The report offers one or more well-reasoned resolutions, solutions or conclusions that acknowledge consequences or implications.” Not ONE PAPER truly thought through the ramifications of the paper’s research. This part of your paper is 20% of your score, so you must spend considerable time discussing and thinking about this part. Be very specific, and make a conclusion that is directly and specifically based on the arguments the paper has already made.


In your Reference, be sure to only include works you cited in the paper. And make SURE if you cite a source in your paper that the citation is in your References page.

When you mention a book or magazine title in the paper, italicize it. The rule of thumb is, if it’s italicized in the References page, italicize it in your paper.

Put end punctuation inside the quotation marks, “like so,” or “like so.” Not “like so”.

If you cite an author in text, you still need to include the year. “According to Harvard professor John Smith (2104), recent studies suggest…”

Vary where you cite in text. Sometimes, you can cite at the beginning, as in the sentence above. Or you can do it at the end. But many of you give author and credential at the end every time, and that can get monotonous.

You don’t need to cite EVERY author in text. Sometimes, it’s OK to just parenthetically cite. The sources that should be cited in text are the ones that are:

  • important
  • reliable
  • have a great deal of ethos

If an author has great ethos, cite her/him in text, and give an important credential. If the article comes from a significant source, you can just say “a report release in Amazing Journal…” and then cite it parenthetically at the end (Smith, 2014). Otherwise, you can just say “a recent study suggested that…” (Johnson, 2015).


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